- Primary Static Stabilizer of the Knee
- Prevent Hyper-Extension of the Knee
- Prevent Excess Medial or Lateral Movement of the Knee Joint
A collateral ligament tear affects either the medial collateral ligament and/or the lateral collateral ligament (or MCL and LCL, respectively). These are two important ligaments that help keep stability for the knee joint.
Collateral ligaments get injured due to a direct impact to the side of the knee. The ligaments get damaged and just like ACL tears are diagnosed on three different grades of severity. MCL tears are more common than LCL tears.
These are the most common ligament injuries to the Knee. They are injured most often in contact sports such as football and rugby.
MCL and LCL tears are similar to ACL tears but usually not as severe. Surgery is rarely needed. MCL tears are usually accompanied by a meniscus tear as well, because of their close proximity and connection. If there has been dammage to one, you should make sure the other is intack.
If your LCL is torn there’s a greater chance surgery will be needed. MCL tears rarely need surgery.
Most collateral ligament tears are treated with the standard rest and rehabilitation exercises to strengthen the surrounding muscles and other ligaments to assist in recovery. This can take a long time as ligaments are slow to heal. A faster and more effective way to treat mild to moderate tears is to use Prolotherapy. If you want to know if Prolotherapy is right for you, please contact us below.